NEWS

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  • George Washington the First President of the United States
    Appleby Castle logo

    1729

    Appleby has had many famous residents. Augustine Washington the father of the first American President George Washington (above) attended Appleby Grammar School with his elder brother John.

  • 2017

    The three cottages in the inner bailey undergo a total restoration and allow holiday and wedding guests to stay.

  • 2020

    The Castle was closed throughout March to July 2020 following the Government’s coronavirus advice. In August, the Castle re-opened to welcome holiday guests and day visitors.

  • The Norman Keep at Appleby Castle in Cumbria
    Appleby Castle logo

    2019

    The exterior of the Castle’s Keep is restored by English Heritage.

  • 2013

    Castle re-opens for guided tours, conferences and weddings.

  • 2009

    Castle is owned solely by Mrs Nightingale – the first female owner since Lady Anne Clifford.

  • 2001

    Public enquiry into plans for development of the Castle. Foot and Mouth ravages Cumbria.

  • 1997

    Castle sold to a private buyer.

  • 1974

    Castle sold to Ferguson International plc who use it as their headquarters. Castle opened to the public.

  • 1962

    The Hothfield family sell the Castle to a private buyer.

  • 1881

    Henry Tufton, son of Sir Richard, is created first Baron Hothfield (of Hothfield in Kent) and becomes closely involved with Appleby.

  • 1849

    The 11th and last Earl of Thanet dies unmarried in France. The Castle and estate passes to his illegitimate son, Richard Tufton, born in 1813, who becomes a British subject and is made a Baronet in 1851.

  • 1677 to 1849

    Castle the country seat of the Earls of Thanet (3rd Earl married Lady Anne’s eldest daughter).

  • 1686 to 1688

    Main eastern range of the castle rebuilt by Lady Anne’s grandson, Thomas 6th Earl of Thanet, fourth son of her daughter Margaret.

  • 1676

    Lady Anne Clifford dies at Brougham Castle.

  • King Charles I
    Appleby Castle logo

    1660

    Restoration of King Charles II celebrated in Appleby. Lady Anne the ‘great lady’ of Westmorland.

  • 1653 to 1655

    Lady Anne continues building work in Appleby, completing Hospital of St Anne and restoring St Lawrence’s Church.

  • 1651

    Lady Anne begins restoration of Appleby Castle, inserting a cross-wall in the Keep and adding the corner turrets. Civil War flares up and Castle occupied by a Parliamentary army under the Regicide, General Thomas Harrison.

  • 1649

    Lady Anne at last travels to Skipton and onwards to Appleby following a lull in the Civil War and the execution of King Charles I.

  • 1643

    Lady Anne inherits the Westmorland and Yorkshire estates on the death of her cousin the 5th Earl of Cumberland. However she is unable to visit them because of the Civil War.

  • 1630

    Lady Anne marries Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery.

  • 1624

    The Earl of Dorset dies.

  • 1616 to 1617

    Furious dispute over Westmorland estates. King James I confirms Lady Anne’s dispossession.

  • 1609

    Lady Anne Clifford married Richard Sackville, Earl of Dorset.

  • 1605

    George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, dies leaving estates to his brother the 4th Earl. Lady Anne disinherited.

  • Lady Anne Clifford owner of Appleby Castle
    Appleby Castle logo

    1590

    Lady Anne Clifford born at Skipton, only surviving child of George Clifford, third Earl of Cumberland, famous sea-captain and champion to Queen Elizabeth.

  • 1540

    Appleby described by Leland as “a poor village, having a ruinous Castle wherein the prisoners be kept”.

  • 1536

    Rebellion in the North known as ‘Pilgrimage of Grace’. Henry Clifford defended Skipton and his son, Sir Thomas, defended Carlisle.

  • Drawing of King Henry VIII
    Appleby Castle logo

    1525

    Henry, 11th Lord Clifford, made 1st Earl of Cumberland by his childhood friend, King Henry VIII.

  • 1523

    Shepherd Lord, Henry Clifford dies.

  • Illustration of King Richard III
    Appleby Castle logo

    1485

    Battle of Bosworth. Yorkist Richard III defeated, Tudor Henry VII restores castle to Henry, 10th Lord Clifford, known as the ‘Shepherd Lord’.

  • 1461 to 1485

    Lordship of Westmorland held by Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later King Richard III). Appleby Castle probably in the hands of Sir John Parr of Kendal.

  • 1461

    John Clifford killed in battle. Lancastrian cause destroyed at Towton. John Clifford attainted (declared traitor) by Yorkist King Edward IV.

  • 1460

    John Clifford kills the Duke of York and his young son the Earl of Rutland, earning the nick-name ‘the Butcher’.

  • 1457 & 1458

    Further Scots raids. No assizes (Royal Court sessions) at Appleby.

  • 1456

    John Clifford assumes his father’s lands and titles. Becomes major Lancastrian leader in the North.

  • 1455

    Thomas Clifford killed at 1st battle of St Albans, possibly by Richard Neville Earl of Warwick (‘Warwick the Kingmaker’).

  • Line drawing off the Norman Keep at Appleby Castle
    Appleby Castle logo

    1454

    Thomas, 8th Lord Clifford undertakes major building works at the Castle, reconstructing the Great Hall, Kitchen, Chapel, Great Chamber and other main rooms in the eastern range and building square towers at either end of the range.

  • 1422

    John Clifford killed at siege of Meaux.

  • 1415

    John Clifford fights at Againcourt. Castle used as a court and prison.

  • 1411

    John, seventh Lord Clifford builds great gatehouse and probably restores the rest of the Castle.

  • 1391

    Thomas Clifford, son of Roger, dies on crusade. Appleby Castle said to be “ruinous”.

  • 1388

    Major Scottish raids. Appleby town laid waste, but the Castle seems to have held out and not been captured.

  • 1354

    Roger, fifth Lord Clifford inherits the Castle, carries out further works there.

  • 1333

    Death of Idonea de Leyburn without children. Her lands pass to Robert Clifford, who entertains King Edward Balliol of Scotland at Brougham.

  • 1327

    King Edward II overthrown, succeeded by his son King Edward III. Peace with Scotland. Robert, 3rd Lord Clifford, brother of Roger, restored to family estates including Appleby Castle.

  • 1322 & 1323

    Roger, second Lord Clifford, rebels against King Edward II and is wounded and captured. He escapes execution but his lands are forfeited. Appleby Castle briefly held by Andrew de Harcla before his execution for treason.

  • 1314 to 1322

    Scottish raids. Appleby town burnt. Castle holds out against Scots in four attacks.

  • 1314

    Robert Clifford, first Lord Clifford, one of the English commanders, killed at Bannockburn.

  • 1300

    King Edward I visits Appleby, lodging at the Friary.

  • The Clifford family's coat of Arms
    Appleby Castle logo

    1268

    Roger Clifford the younger marries Isabella de Vipont and by 1275 is in possession of Appleby Castle and the manor of Brougham. While Roger de Leyburn, husband of Idonea, holds Brough and Pendragon.

  • 1265

    Wardship of Isabella granted to Roger Clifford the elder – who obtains pardon for treason of his ward’s father.

  • 1263 & 1264

    The second Robert de Vipont takes part in Simon de Montfort’s rebellion against King Henry III. He dies a rebel in 1264 and his estates are seized by King Henry III. His daughters Isabella and Idonea are placed under the King’s guardianship.

  • 1203

    King John gives the Barony of Westmorland, including the Castle to his henchman Robert de Vipont, nephew of Hugh de Morville, whose family hold it for 100 years. The Round Tower on the north side dates from this period, with other Round Towers on the south, now vanished.

  • King Richard 'the Lion Heart' in battle
    Appleby Castle logo

    1189

    King Richard the Lionheart takes the Castle back into Royal possession rebuilds the bridge over the moat in 1198.

  • 1179

    King Henry II grants the Castle and the Honour of Westmorland to Ranulph de Glanville, Sheriff of Yorkshire. Sometime between 1175 and 1189 the Keep is raised, the curtain walls rebuilt in stone, and a Great Hall is built at the east end of the bailey.

  • 1174

    King William the Lion of Scotland captures Appleby Castle in a dawn raid, aided by the garrison. The Castle and Tower are recorded by Jordan Fantosme in his chronicle, showing both were present. The constable, Gospatric, son of Orm and grandson of Gospatric, a Scottish Earl, fined five hundred marks for surrendering. Hugh de Morville’s estates are forfeit. Appleby returns to the Crown.

  • 1173

    De Morville supports a rebellion by King Henry’s son, who allied himself with the Scots.

  • 75 to 150

    The Romans build a signal station on the cliff overlooking the ford on the River Eden, close to the road from York (Eboracum) to Carlisle (Luguvallium).

  • 1136 to 1157

    Ceded to Scots. Hugh de Morville and his son, also Hugh, in succession granted Barony of Westmorland.

  • 1100 to 1120

    Ranulf le Meschin completed earthworks and probably built first stone keep.

  • 1092

    King William Rufus of England occupied Cumbria and installed Ivo Taillebois as first Norman Lord of Westmorland. Ivo began building first motte and bailey castle earthwork.

  • 945

    After driving the Danes from York, King Edmund I of England turned Cumbria over to Malcolm I, King of the Scots, in return for a promise of military support.

  • 920

    Appleby founded as a Danish settlement, the name meaning ‘apple-place’.

  • Drawing of a Viking longboat
    Appleby Castle logo

    875

    Over-run by Danes under Halfdan. Orm settles at Ormside nearby.

  • 630 to 830

    Part of the Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria. An independent British Kingdom of Cumbria remained in the northern Lake District.

  • 400 to 600

    Urien, King of Rheged, was lord of the valley of Lyvennet, a few miles west of Appleby.

  • Drawing of King Henry II
    Appleby Castle logo

    1157

    King Henry II regains Appleby and confirms the grant to the younger Hugh de Morville – one of the Knights who later murdered Thomas Becket.

  • Roman helmet
    Appleby Castle logo

    380 to 430

    The Romans leave Britain.